Managing switches

Managing Switches is an essential part of MetalSoft. MetalSoft will automatically configure switch ports depending on the intent expressed by the user in the infrastructure editor. For that to happen the switches must be added in the MetalSoft database.

Note that the system only touches the ports towards the servers and the SVIs that will act as gateways but will not configure BGP sessions towards the spine network or routing tables. Those must be created manually configured on the switches prior or after adding the switches in the database but before provisioning on those switches.

Getting switch details using the CLI

To get some basic details about a switch use the following commnad. You can use both the switch id or the switch label (which is usually the same as the switch hostname).

metalcloud-cli switch get -id sw1-env2 
+-------------+-------------------+
| KEY         | VALUE             |
+-------------+-------------------+
| ID          | 4                 |
| HOSTNAME    | sw1-env2          |
| DATACENTER  | us02-chi-qts01-dc |
| DRIVER      | os_10             |
| PROVISIONER | evpnvxlanl2       |
| MGMT IP     | 10.0.5.6          |
+-------------+-------------------+

To get the switch configuration use the yaml format:

metalcloud-cli switch get -id sw1-env2 --format yaml --raw
id: 4
identifierString: sw1-env2
datacenterName: us02-chi-qts01-dc
provisionerType: evpnvxlanl2
provisionerPosition: leaf
driver: os_10
managementUsername: admin
managementAddress: 1.0.5.6
managementPort: 22
managementProtocol: ssh
managementMACAddress: "00:00:00:00:00:00"
primaryWANIPv4SubnetPrefixSize: 22
primaryWANIPv6SubnetPoolID: 3
primarySANSubnetPrefixSize: 21
quarantineSubnetStart: 1.168.254.0
quarantineSubnetEnd: 1.168.254.255
quarantineSubnetPrefixSize: 24
quarantineSubnetGateway: 1.168.254.1
description: OS10 Enterprise. OS Version
requiresOSInstall: false
isBorderDevice: false
isStorageSwitch: true
networkTypesAllowed:
- wan
- quarantine
- san

Adding a switch using the CLI

To add a switch to the database using the CLI create a configuration file leaf_switch.yaml:

identifierString: iad1-bm-sw-01
datacenterName: test-datacenter
provisionerType: evpnvxlanl2
provisionerPosition: leaf
driver: junos18
managementUsername: metalsoft
managementAddress: 10.72.0.61
managementPort: 22
managementProtocol: ssh
managementMACAddress: "00:00:00:00:00:00"
primaryWANIPv4SubnetPool: 192.168.253.0
primaryWANIPv4SubnetPrefixSize: 24
primaryWANIPv6SubnetPoolID: 3
primaryWANIPv6SubnetCIDR: fd9f:1a77:a3a0:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000/48
primarySANSubnetPool: 100.64.0.1
primarySANSubnetPrefixSize: 21
quarantineSubnetStart: 10.73.254.0
quarantineSubnetEnd: 10.73.254.63
quarantineSubnetPrefixSize: 26
quarantineSubnetGateway: 10.73.254.2
requiresOSInstall: false
isBorderDevice: true
isStorageSwitch: false
networkTypesAllowed:
- wan
- lan
- quarantine

Add the new switch by running:

$ metalcloud-cli switch create --raw-config leaf_switch.yaml --format yaml

Notes on parameters:

  • management*: These properties must be set to allow MetalSoft access to the respective switch.
  • provisionerType: can be one of evpnvxlanl2, vlan, vpls,lan.
  • isBorderDevice: If set to true this switch can be used as part of an external connection
  • isStorageSwitch: If set to true this switch can be used as part of SAN networks.
  • quarantineSubnet*: These properties only apply if the legacy provisioning mode (PXE) is required. These define which subnet to use for the transient provisioning network. Refer to deploying metalsoft to support legacy deployments for more information.
  • primaryWANIP*: These properties control the default WAN subnet that will be used. If one does not exist it will be created upon the creation of the switch.
  • primarySAN*: These properties control the default SAN subnet that will be used. If one does not exist it will be created upon the creation of the switch.

Listing switches using the CLI

metalcloud-cli switch list          
+-------+------------+-------------------+-------+-------------+----------+
| ID    | IDENTIFIER | DATACENTER        | DRIVER| PROVISIONER | MGMT IP  |
+-------+------------+-------------------+-------+-------------+----------+
| 4     | sw1-env2   | us02-chi-qts01-dc | os_10 | evpnvxlanl2 | 10.0.5.6 |
| 5     | sw2-env2   | us02-chi-qts01-dc | os_10 | evpnvxlanl2 | 10.0.5.7 |
+-------+------------+-------------------+-------+-------------+----------+
Total: 2 Switches

Editing switch configurations using the CLI

  1. Retrieve the current switch configuration and place it in a file
metalcloud-cli switch get -id 4 --format yaml --raw > switch.yaml
  1. Edit the configuration file switch.yaml
  2. Reconfigure the switch
metalcloud-cli switch edit --raw-config switch.yaml --format yaml

Deleting a switch using the CLI

  1. If the switch is part of a pair first delete the pair. Refer to managing switch pairs for instructions.
  2. Delete the switch
metalcloud-cli switch delete --id 4

Creating switch pairs

To enable multi-chassis link aggregation on the switches, switch pairs must be created. Refer to managing switch pairs for more details.

Operating without switches

MetalSoft can operate in mode where a “dummy” switch driver is used instead of a real one. This mode is sometimes called “BigLAN” mode as it expects everything to be part of the same pre-created LAN network.

Refer to deploying Metalsoft without switches for more information.